1 an idea that is suggested; "the picnic was her suggestion"
2 a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection; "it was a suggestion we couldn't refuse" [syn: proposition, proffer]
4 persuasion formulated as a suggestion [syn: prompting]
5 the sequential mental process in which one thought leads to another by association
EtymologyFrom etyl xno suggestioun, etyl fro suggestioun (modern French suggestion), from etyl la suggestio, from suggero.
- Something suggested.
- I have a small suggestion: try lifting the left side up a bit.
- Traffic signs seem to be more of a suggestion than an order.
- I have a small suggestion: try lifting the left side up a bit.
- The act of suggestion.
- Suggestion often works better than explicit demand.
- In the context of "countable|psychology": Something implied,
which the mind is liable to take as fact.
- He's somehow picked up the suggestion that I like peanuts.
act of suggestion
(psychology) Something implied
- Portuguese: sugestão
Suggestion is the name given to the psychological process by which one person may guide the thoughts, feelings or behaviour of another. For nineteenth century writers on psychology such as William James the words "suggest" and "suggestion" were used in senses very close to those which they have in common speech; one idea was said to suggest another when it brought that other idea to mind. Early scientific studies of hypnosis by scientists such as Clark Leonard Hull led to the extension of the meaning of these words in a special and technical sense (Hull, 1933).
Modern scientific study of hypnosis, which has followed the pattern of Hull's work, separates two essential factors: "trance" and suggestion (Heap, 1996). The state of mind induced by "trance" is said to come about via the process of a hypnotic induction; essentially instructions and suggestions that an individual will enter a hypnotic state. Once a subject has entered hypnosis, suggestions are given which can produce the effects sought by the hypnotist. Commonly used suggestions on measures of "suggestibility" or "susceptibility" (or, for those with a different theoretical orientation, "hypnotic talent") include suggestions that one's arm is getting lighter and floating up in the air, or the suggestion that a fly is buzzing around your head. The "classic" response to an accepted suggestion that one's arm is beginning to float in the air is that the subject perceives the intended effect as happening involuntarily (Weitzenhoffer, 1980).
Suggestions, however, can also have an effect in the absence of a hypnosis. These so-called "waking suggestions" are given in precisely the same way as "hypnotic suggestions" (i.e., suggestions given within hypnosis) and can produce strong changes in perceptual experience. Experiments on suggestion, in the absence of hypnosis, were conducted by early researchers such as Hull (1933). More recently, researchers such as Nicholas Spanos and Irving Kirsch have conducted experiments investigating such non-hypnotic-suggestibility and found a strong correlation between people's responses to suggestion both in- and outside hypnosis (Kirsch & Braffman, 2001).
In addition to the kinds of suggestion typically delivered by researchers interested in hypnosis there are other forms of suggestibility, though not all are considered interrelated. These include: primary and secondary suggestibility (older terms for non-hypnotic and hypnotic suggestibility respectively), hypnotic suggestibility (i.e., the response to suggestion measured within hypnosis), and interrogative suggestibility (yielding to interrogative questions, and shifting responses when interrogative pressure is applied: see Gudjonsson suggestibility scale.
ReferencesHeap, M. (1996) The nature of hypnosis. The Psychologist, 9 (11), 498-501.
Hull, C. L. (1933/2002). Hypnosis and suggestibility: an experimental approach. Crown House Publishing
Kirsch, I., Braffman, W. (2001). Imaginative suggestibility and hypnotizability. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4(2), 57-61.
Wetizenhoffer, A. M. (1980). Hypnotic susceptibility revisited. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 22, 130-146.
suggestion in Czech: Sugesce
suggestion in Danish: Suggestion
suggestion in German: Suggestion
suggestion in French: Suggestion
suggestion in Lithuanian: Įtaiga
suggestion in Norwegian: Suggesjon
suggestion in Russian: Внушение
suggestion in Simple English: Suggestion
suggestion in Slovak: Sugescia
suggestion in Serbian: Сугестија
suggestion in Finnish: Suggestio
suggestion in Swedish: Suggestion
suggestion in Ukrainian: Сугестія
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